Homeless women are very different from homeless men, but few studies have reported data separately on them or compared them directly with men. This report on a study of homeless men and homeless women in St. Louis presents comparison data on these populations.
The pivotal difference between homeless men and women was that unlike men, most women had young children in their custody. The women were also younger than men, more likely to be members of a minority group, and more often dependent on welfare. They had been homeless for a shorter period and spent less time in unsheltered locations. Compared to men, they had less frequent histories of substance abuse, incarceration, and felony conviction.
Solitary women without children with themcompared to women with children in their custody, were more likely to be white, had been homeless longer, and more often had a history of alcoholism or schizophrenia. On most variables, values for solitary women lay somewhere between those for men and for women with children. The population of homeless women is therefore heterogeneous, with at least two subgroups. These groups are likely to benefit from intervention programs that are designed to address their specific problems and needs, which are not necessarily the same as those of homeless men.
Abstract Homeless women are very different from homeless men, but few studies have reported data separately on them or compared them directly with men. Publication types Research Support, U. Gov't, P.The human sex ratio is the number of males for each female in a population. This is a list of sex ratios by country or region. The table's data is from The World Factbook unless noted otherwise.
If there is a discrepancy between The World Factbook and a country's census data, the latter may be used instead. A ratio above 1, for example 1. A ratio below 1, for example 0. A ratio of 1 means there are equal numbers of males and females. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Wikipedia list article. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved Lists of countries by population statistics. Current population Demographics of the world. World cities National capitals Megacities Megalopolises. Past and future population World population estimates 1 Population milestones. Current density Past and future population density Current real density based on food growing capacity.
Population growth rate Natural increase Birth rate Mortality rate Fertility rate Past fertility rate. Age at first marriage Age structure Dependency ratio Divorce rate Ethnic and cultural diversity level Immigrant population Linguistic diversity Median age Net migration rate Number of households Sex ratio Urban population Urbanization. List of international rankings List of top international rankings by country Lists by country.
Categories : Demographic lists Lists of countries Sex ratio. Hidden categories: Articles with short description. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. American Samoa US. Anguilla UK. Antigua and Barbuda.
Aruba Netherlands. Bahamas, The. Bermuda UK. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Burkina Faso. Cape Verde. Cayman Islands UK. Central African Republic. Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Congo, Republic of the.About Census Bureau. This percentage includes women who are divorced, widowed, separated and those who have never married.
In Alachua County, the number of single women climbed higher than the national estimate to about 60 percent.
Although Gainesville's large student population tends to inflate local statistics, data from the survey revealed that more women outside the typical college age-range are also not married. In Alachua County, about 75 percent of females age 20 to 34 are living without a husband, according to the survey.
While the majority of American women eventually marry in their mid- to late 30s, the gradual shift toward delaying marriage and re-marriage after divorce is unmistakable, said Tanya Koropeckyj-Cox, associate professor in the University of Florida department of sociology. Gainesville's academic population contributes to the prevalence of single women in the community.
Women who pursue higher education tend to put off marriage until they have earned their degrees and established their careers, Koropeckyj-Cox said.
Alachua County's considerable minority population, consisting of about 23 percent black Americans, also contributes to the higher rate of single women in the area, Koropeckyj-Cox said. According to the Census Bureau, about 30 percent of black women across the country are living with a husband, compared to 55 percent of white women.
Inabout half the female population was married by the age of Today, the median age is 26, according to the Census Bureau. Social pressures enforced that," Koropeckyj-Cox said. With our life expectancy increasing exponentially, today's 30s and 40s is yesterday's 20s and 30s.
Women tend to live longer than men, so more are living single as widows.
Nearly 44 percent of American women 65 years and older live as widows compared to only about 14 percent of men 65 years and older, according to the Census Bureau. Older women who become single after divorce often have trouble finding partners to remarry because of the limited pool of single men their age. Other divorced women revel in the freedom of being single and delay remarriage by choice, Koropeckyj-Cox said. Local physical therapist Jena Young, 39, who was divorced after 20 years of marriage, said "hunting for a man" is not a priority for her right now.
Digital access or digital and print delivery. Site Archive.The sex ratio, or gender ratio, is a demographic term referring to the ratio of males to females in a population. It is an expression of the number of males for every females. The ideal ratio is somewhere from towhich means to men for every women. This ideal ratio was first documented in and several other studies have confirmed those figures.
Where men are more than females, problems such as homicide and violence may arise. Where women are more than men, a disparity in income earned between the two sexes is likely to affect the economy of a nation. The number of men is slightly more than the number of women in the world. However, there are countries where women outnumber men, as per World Bank data. Bythere were The proportion of the female was Women enjoy a longer life expectancy living 11 years more than men.
The gender gap in Lithuania can be attributed to several factors that increase the mortality rate of men. Women are estimated to live to The gender gap is more pronounced between the ages of 30 to The female population in was Curacao's female population was There is a gender difference of 92 men for every women. The life expectancy is The majority of women are in the age bracket of years and experience a higher life expectancy than men.
Women in Ukraine make up Life expectancy for either gender is 64 years. However, men live to an average of 62 years while for the female, it is 74 years. Many men in Ukraine are affected by mental and other health problems that decrease their life expectancy. In most countries across the world, there are more men than women. Countries with more females are not that many. The gender imbalance in these countries can be traced back to war and conflicts.
Studies show that this disparity is not desirable.Flying the Worst Budget Airline - Pete Davidson
These countries have a large number of well- educated women who earn a high level of income but cannot find partners. Gender disparities in wages also put an economic strain on these countries.
Different Healthcare Models Around the World. Countries That Have Decriminalized Drugs.Danielle Kurtzleben.
Before the coronavirus crisis, there were briefly more women on U. That's no longer true. Nam Y. Very briefly, at the end of and the start ofthere were slightly more women on American nonfarm payrolls than men. The historically disastrous April jobs report shows that the brunt of job losses fell on women. One way of looking at why that matters that is to look at the gap that opened up between women's and men's unemployment last month.
The below chart shows women's unemployment rate minus men's unemployment rate since Usually, the line bumps around near or just below zero — meaning men's unemployment is usually near or slightly higher than women's.
But that spike on the far right shows how women's unemployment leapt to be 2. Women had an unemployment rate of That's uncommon for a recession. The below chart is a longer view, and the periods with gray backgrounds are recessions. During every recession sincemen's unemployment has shot up past women's — that is, the line dips negative.
This is a big sign of how the downturn caused by coronavirus is unlike past recessions, says Matthias Doepke, professor of economics at Northwestern University. He and some colleagues wrote a paper in March about the coronavirus' effects on women, before the first coronavirus job report was even out.
They saw it coming for a couple of reasons, he says. One is the industries suffering most in this downturn. Past recessions have hit male-dominated industries like manufacturing and construction relatively hard — think about the housing downturn and automaker layoffs after the financial crisis, for example.
Those helped push unemployment for men higher. This time is different, Doepke says: "The highest employment losses are things like restaurants and hospitality, hotels, and those are sectors with high female employment. So you have a much higher requirement for child care at home," he said.
It is true that women do more child care in the home right now. Even in families with both parents working full-time, women are far more likely than men to manage schedules and activities, and to take care of kids when sick.
In addition, women are far more likely than men to be a single parent, meaning that a lack of child care leaves them with no options. So there will be forced unemployment because of child care. The effects of this may last well beyond the coronavirus crisis — Doepke and his coauthors note that job losses in a recession often mean persistently lower wages, as well as less secure future employment.
However, Doepke also says some aspects of the current crisis could counteract those child-rearing forces working women are up against. Many workers who are able to work from home, after all, have seen their fellow workers caring for children on Zoom meetings. The reality of parenting while working is much more visible for some workers and bosses now.
In addition, the economic crisis could contribute to further shifting of social norms in terms of how much work fathers do. But then, there remain the millions of workers who can't work from home and who are hard at work at the grocery store or delivering food. The gendered effects of the crisis will also vary by class and race, and will become much more clear as we get more and more jobs reports. Accessibility links Skip to main content Keyboard shortcuts for audio player. NPR Shop.
Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email.The wide gender gap that prevails at all stages of African-American higher education extends to the student bodies at our nation's highest-ranked universities.
But in most cases the gap is smaller than the national average. JBHE has consistently documented the fact that black women hold a large lead over black men in almost every facet of higher education. Black women currently earn about two thirds of all African-American bachelor's degree awards, 70 percent of all master's degrees, and more than 60 percent of all doctorates. Black women also hold a majority of all African-American enrollments in law, medical, and dental schools.
Looking exclusively to undergraduate higher education, the latest Department of Education figures show that black women account for JBHE recently surveyed the nation's 30 highest-ranked universities to determine if the gender gap in African-American higher education was more, or less, pronounced at these institutions than in the nation as a whole.
The answer is that there is a gender gap, but it is generally smaller than the national average. Twenty-six of the 30 highest-ranked universities responded to our survey.
Those institutions that declined to provide black enrollment data by gender were Wake Forest University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Southern California, and Carnegie Mellon University.
Women Bear The Brunt Of Coronavirus Job Losses
The JBHE survey found that at 23 of the 26 institutions that responded to our queries, there were more black women enrolled than black men. The curriculum at CalTech and MIT is heavily oriented to the sciences, engineering, and mathematics, fields where men typically outnumber women by a large margin.
The reason for the comparatively low number of black women at Notre Dame is not apparent. Women were not admitted to the university until the early s. Even today, it should be noted that men of all races greatly outnumber women at Notre Dame. Black women make up a very large This is the largest black gender gap among the 26 universities in our survey.
Also, black women are At Berkeley, Northwestern, and Cornell, black women make up a larger percentage of the total African-American enrollments than the national average, which as stated earlier is But at the vast majority of high-ranking universities, the black student gender gap is less pronounced than the national average. However, it must be pointed out again that in almost all cases, black women substantially outnumber black men at these institutions.
Why is the black gender gap in enrollments generally smaller at these high-ranking universities than in the nation as a whole? In all probability, the reason is because these institutions are highly selective in their admissions policies.
Harvard, Princeton, Yale, and Stanford admit fewer than one in eight students who apply.Jessica Smith raised an arm and pointed across the lobby of the university student center like an ornithologist who had just spied a rare breed in the underbrush. It was, in fact, an unusual bird that Smith had spotted, especially on this campus: masculum collegium discipulus.
A male college student. Women outnumber men by more than six to one here at Carlow University, where Smith is a senior and an orientation leader who was preparing to welcome incoming freshmen.
Where men once went to college in proportions far higher than women—58 percent to 42 percent as recently as the s—the ratio has now almost exactly reversed. This fall, women will comprise more than 56 percent of students on campuses nationwide, according to the U.
Department of Education. Some 2. And the trend shows no sign of abating. Bythe department estimates57 percent of college students will be women.
Are There More Men or Women in the World?
There are also new degree programs in fields such as business meant in part to appeal to men. Carlow has a lot of competition. Reeling from a years-long decline in overall enrollment, colleges and universities nationwide are vying for all the students they can get, and suddenly paying new attention to bolstering the number of men who apply.
So while much attention has been focused on the controversy over gender-neutral bathrooms on campuses, she said, the much bigger gender issue behind the scenes at universities and colleges is how to draw more men. The problem has its origins as early as primary school, only to be fueled later on by economic forces that discourage men from believing a degree is worth the time and money.
Maybe [admissions officers] should be going into middle schools and start talking to fifth-graders about the benefits of college education. Or even earlier than that. Girls at the primary and secondary level worldwide far outperform boys in reading, according to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development. To them, he said, it means a lot of sacrifice for a vague payoff far in the future. Bullock is the coordinator of programs to support male students, many of them from Appalachia.
Men may also feel they have more alternatives to college than girls do. As opposed to a four-year college, they could go to an month [vocational-education] program and make just as much money. That was the choice of at least one high-school classmate of Vinny Bucci, the male Carlow student Smith pointed out across the student center.
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